Interior designer is such a popular profession that everyone thinks they know what it is. Besides, who has never heard of interior design? Blog, television, magazine… everyone is talking about it.
The main characteristic of this profession is that it is extremely versatile, in the sense that it touches a wide variety of building trades.
The consequence is that we do not quite know what he is doing, at the risk of confusing him with an architect, a decorator or even an architectural technologist …
So, what exactly is the job of an interior designer?
The interior designer, a technical and creative business
A real gateway to the dark realm of renovation, the interior designer is able to understand the client’s needs, and translate them into more technical terms, belonging to the field of construction.
Interior design is therefore not only a creative profession, it is also a technical profession. Indeed, the interior designer is able to provide sketches, or 3D plans, as well as various technical plans (electricity, plumbing, ceramic break, elevations, production for the cabinetmaker, etc.), or even to put together permit applications for the city.
In the construction world, especially residential and commercial construction, the interior designer is the most affordable person for newbies.
He has the ability to design a project from the analysis of the habits and desires of customers, crossing them with spatial and budgetary constraints. In this, he differs from a general contractor, for whom it is more relevant to have a well-defined project from the start.
On the other hand, thanks to his versatility, the interior designer is able to identify the necessary stakeholders in the work envisaged by the client, and will be able to advise him in the trades to be solicited.
The interior designer, at the border between several businesses
You will understand, for interior renovation or construction work, the interior designer is the person of choice. He is able to identify, depending on the project, the specialists necessary for its success, and this, in accordance with the rules of the art. He can thus call on:
- An architect, depending on the size of the project (Architects Act);
- An architectural technologist;
- A structural engineer, especially if the building structure shows weaknesses, or if the project involves demolition of load-bearing elements;
- A general contractor, to carry out the work;
- A decorator, if he wants help with the finishing touches on the project.
It is not always necessary to call on other specialists depending on the specifics of the project; the interior designer will be able to identify the people necessary for this to happen.
In this, interior design differs from interior decoration.
The interior designer, an expensive decorator?
To fully understand the difference between an interior designer and a decorator, it is important to understand that the decorator does not alter the structure of the building. In this, the decorator is comparable to a make-up artist, while the designer will be closer to the cosmetic surgeon … The responsibilities carried by the designer are also different, which also explains the differences in fees.
The decorator knows how to use the art of changing the visual appearance of a room, without modifying its structure. He also performs a “makeover” thanks to the change of materials, color, furniture, lighting, etc. Its role is to make a room attractive.
The interior designer, on the other hand, is a bit of an extension of the architect, in the sense that he designs ergonomic living spaces according to the habits and desires of his inhabitants. Home improvements may involve demolitions, technical, electrical or plumbing changes, elevations, custom-made furniture, etc.
The interior designer provides 3D blueprints and technical plans created using professional drawing software, which enable permit applications, tenders and tenders, and construction. If the mandate is given to him, he will also supervise the site.
You will understand, the interior designer has several strings to his bow and knows how to use them wisely. Nevertheless, he knows how to surround himself with competent specialists to carry out his project.